The OECD report: Students, Computers and Learning Making the Connection (2015) caused some interesting headlines in the press Computers ‘do not improve’ pupil results, says OECD (BBC, 2015).
This OECD report is not as alarming as a journalist’s headline might wish to make out (BBC, 2015.)
The conclusion of the report is quite obvious: that learning is not enhanced by using ICT. This is not to say that using ICT in education is a bad thing. It’s just that it’s use in schools has to be tempered and analysed like any other educational tool. The report concludes that other skills should be “bolstered” – like literacy and numeracy and skills – so that the student can better navigate the digital world.
Of concern is the detrimental effect that over use of ICT is having on children. The evidence is compelling and I don’t disagree with this.
“Excessive use of the Internet has also been found to be related to various problems among adolescents, including poor academic performance, family and interpersonal problems, and even physical weakness (Park, Kang and Kim, 2014). While the causal direction is not always established, excessive use of the Internet for leisure can harm academic achievement and health, as it reduces the time available for sleep, study or physical activity. Conversely, students who feel excluded from school-based socialisation may retreat to online activities. In these cases, excessive use of the Internet is more a symptom than a cause of their problems. Acknowledging emerging concerns over adolescents’ use of the Internet for online gaming, the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) identifies Internet Gaming Disorder as a condition warranting more clinical research…” (OECD, 2015: 43).
I would also not disagree with anybody who told me that doing any activity to an extreme and to the exclusion of other activities is not a healthy lifestyle. I would include watching too much TV, obsessing over Jason Beiber, spending lots of hours hanging out in the park with mates as being too much and detrimental. My point is that I don’t regard the act of gaming or social networking as inherently bad. It’s the obsessive over use that leads to a reduction of the time spent on a healthy mixture of other activities that is bad.
There are other issues I would like to look at in this report, but have not had the time to read all of it. In particular I need to read more about the report’s conclusions on “teaching” children better reading and navigating skills so that they navigate and read in digital texts better.
BBC (2015) Computers ‘do not improve’ pupil results, says OECD, BBC, 15 September 2015.
OECD (2015), Students, Computers and Learning: Making the Connection, PISA, OECD Publishing.